An electrical surge that is higher than normal is known as an overvoltage. An electromagnetic pulse (EMP) is a short, intense burst of one of these energies, similar to a rapid power surge. It can cause serious damage to electrical equipment and systems, and even lead to mutually assured destruction. Terrorist organizations and rebel nations could potentially attack the US with ship-based nuclear weapons from the coast, but still in international waters. Although EMP exposure can cause nervous system and brain problems, it has little direct effect on the human body.
Frank Cilluffo, director of the McCrary Institute for Cybersecurity and Critical Infrastructure at Auburn University, believes that an EMP attack would be devastating, but it is unlikely that America's enemies would carry out such an attack due to its complexity, cost, and will. In the event of an EMP attack, officials would need to find ways to protect equipment from further damage. A report concluded that one year after a large-scale EMP or CME, nine out of ten Americans would die from various causes derived from the attack. The effects of an EMP attack are far-reaching and devastating. It is important for individuals and organizations to be aware of the potential risks associated with such an attack. By understanding the differences between an EMP attack and a power surge, individuals can take steps to protect themselves and their equipment from potential damage.