An Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) attack is a sudden burst of energy that can cause electronic components, machines, and generator controls to malfunction temporarily or permanently. It is essential to consider both the device itself and the electrical network when preparing for an EMP attack. To protect larger areas or entire buildings, metal sheets or metal sheets and conductive paints can be used. Additionally, electrically conductive concretes are becoming increasingly popular, although the cost must be weighed against the desired level of protection.
Bradley has conducted extensive tests on the effects of EMP on vehicles and other electronic devices, and has even developed a device to protect a home's electrical system from an EMP. According to sources working at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, cars have proven to be resistant to EMP in real tests with nuclear weapons, as well as in more recent tests (with newer cars) with the U. S. Army's EMP simulators.
Using a Faraday cage is one way to protect electronic devices from an EMP attack. This involves wrapping the device in a metal sheet or 3 mil-thick ESD EMP material and placing it in a rubber box. The box should then be buried 4 feet underground for 48 hours before being opened and reassembled. Cybersecurity and physical attacks can also be combined with EMP to create disruptions. This could allow people to maintain their electricity or recover it soon after an EMP attack.
The size and altitude of a nuclear explosion from the Earth's surface increases the magnitude and range of an EMP attack. Therefore, it is important to take steps to protect civilian systems from an EMP attack in order to minimize its effects on civilization.